High School

1963-1965: Hanano High School, Aleppo, Syria. Syrian Baccalaureate, Scientific section, rating very good.

College (undergraduate)
1965-1969: B.Sc. in General Agriculture (rating- excellent). College of Agriculture, Aleppo University, Syria..

College (graduate)

1970 : Faculty of Science PARIS VI, Department of Botany. Diplôme d'Etude Approfondie (DEA), Spéciality Plant Cytology and Morphogenesis. Thesis title: Etude sur les activités enzymatiques de lyse des membranes cellulaires des fruits alterés par diverse parasites fongiques". (rating -very good).

1970-1971: National Institute of Agriculture (INA-Paris). Diplôme d'Etudes supérieures (DES). Spéciality "Plant Pathology-Taxonomy".

1971-1973: Faculty of Science PARIS VI, Départment of Botany. Doctorate (Doctor Engineer). Spéciality "Physiological Plant Diseases". Thesis title: Etude physiopathologique de l'infection fongique des pommes par les parasites de blessures et les parasites latents. (rating Honorable).
1985-1986: Rutgers State University, Department of Plant Pathology, New Jersey. Certificate of Advanced Studies in Plant Pathology, Mycology and Nematology.


1973 to 2009: Professor (1983-to 2009), Associate professor (1978-1983) and Assistant Professor (1973-1978) of Plant Pathology, and Head, Department of Plant Protection (1979-1983) Faculty of Agriculture, Aleppo University. Aleppo
1985 to1999: Consultant Pathologist (Part timer) on lentil diseases. Germplasm Program, ICARDA.
1999 to 2006: Legume Pathologist (full time consultant), International Center for Agricultural Research in Dry Areas (ICARDA).